Identification of novel regulators of pin polarity and development of a novel auxin sensor

By: Prat, Tomas
Material type: TextTextPublisher: IST Austria 2017
Contents:
Abstract
Acknowledgments
List of Figures
List of Supporting Figures
List of Symbols/Abbreviations
1 Introduction
2 WRKY23 is a component of the transcriptional network mediating auxin feedback on the PIN polarity
3 WRKY23 downstream target LHT1 transporter mediates auxin-dependent PIN polarization
4 LRRK1, a leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase and its role in auxin-dependent PIN re-arrangement
5 Strigolactone interfere auxin-dependent PIN re-arrangement in Aribadopsis
6 Development of novel auxin sensor
7 Conclusions
A. Appendix - WRKY23 is a component of the transcriptional network mediating auxin feedback on the PIN polarity
B. Appendix - LRRK1, a leucine rich repeat receptor-like kinase and its role in auxin-dependent PIN re-arrangement
Summary: Plant hormone auxin and its transport between cells belong to the most important mechanisms controlling plant development. Auxin itself could change localization of PINs and thereby control direction of its own flow. We performed an expression profiling experiment in Arabidopsis roots to identify potential regulators of PIN polarity which are transcriptionally regulated by auxin signalling. We identified several novel regulators and performed a detailed characterization of the transcription factor WRKY23 (At2g47260) and its role in auxin feedback on PIN polarity. Gain-of-function and dominant-negative mutants revealed that WRKY23 plays a crucial role in mediating the auxin effect on PIN polarity. In concordance, typical polar auxin transport processes such as gravitropism and leaf vascular pattern formation were disturbed by interfering with WRKY23 function. In order to identify direct targets of WRKY23, we performed consequential expression profiling experiments using a WRKY23 inducible gain-of-function line and dominant-negative WRKY23 line that is defunct in PIN re-arrangement. Among several genes mostly related to the groups of cell wall and defense process regulators, we identified LYSINE-HISTIDINE TRANSPORTER 1 (LHT1; At5g40780), a small amino acid permease gene from the amino acid/auxin permease family (AAAP), we present its detailed characterisation in auxin feedback on PIN repolarization, identified its transcriptional regulation, we propose a potential mechanism of its action. Moreover, we identified also a member of receptor-like protein kinase LRR-RLK (LEUCINE-RICH REPEAT TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEIN KINASE PROTEIN 1; LRRK1; At1g05700), which also affects auxin-dependent PIN re-arrangement. We described its transcriptional behaviour, subcellular localization. Based on global expression data, we tried to identify ligand responsible for mechanism of signalling and suggest signalling partner and interactors. Additionally, we described role of novel phytohormone group, strigolactone, in auxin-dependent PIN re-arrangement, that could be a fundament for future studies in this field. Our results provide first insights into an auxin transcriptional network targeting PIN localization and thus regulating plant development. We highlighted WRKY23 transcriptional network and characterised its mediatory role in plant development. We identified direct effectors of this network, LHT1 and LRRK1, and describe their roles in PIN re-arrangement and PIN-dependent auxin transport processes.
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Thesis

Abstract

Acknowledgments

List of Figures

List of Supporting Figures

List of Symbols/Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 WRKY23 is a component of the transcriptional network mediating auxin feedback on the PIN polarity

3 WRKY23 downstream target LHT1 transporter mediates auxin-dependent PIN polarization

4 LRRK1, a leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase and its role in auxin-dependent PIN re-arrangement

5 Strigolactone interfere auxin-dependent PIN re-arrangement in Aribadopsis

6 Development of novel auxin sensor

7 Conclusions

A. Appendix - WRKY23 is a component of the transcriptional network mediating auxin feedback on the PIN polarity

B. Appendix - LRRK1, a leucine rich repeat receptor-like kinase and its role in auxin-dependent PIN re-arrangement

Plant hormone auxin and its transport between cells belong to the most important mechanisms controlling plant development. Auxin itself could change localization of PINs and thereby control direction of its own flow. We performed an expression profiling experiment in Arabidopsis roots to identify potential regulators of PIN polarity which are transcriptionally regulated by auxin signalling. We identified several novel regulators and performed a detailed characterization of the transcription factor WRKY23 (At2g47260) and its role in auxin feedback on PIN polarity. Gain-of-function and dominant-negative mutants revealed that WRKY23 plays a crucial role in mediating the auxin effect on PIN polarity. In concordance, typical polar auxin transport processes such as gravitropism and leaf vascular pattern formation were disturbed by interfering with WRKY23 function. In order to identify direct targets of WRKY23, we performed consequential expression profiling experiments using a WRKY23 inducible gain-of-function line and dominant-negative WRKY23 line that is defunct in PIN re-arrangement. Among several genes mostly related to the groups of cell wall and defense process regulators, we identified LYSINE-HISTIDINE TRANSPORTER 1 (LHT1; At5g40780), a small amino acid permease gene from the amino acid/auxin permease family (AAAP), we present its detailed characterisation in auxin feedback on PIN repolarization, identified its transcriptional regulation, we propose a potential mechanism of its action. Moreover, we identified also a member of receptor-like protein kinase LRR-RLK (LEUCINE-RICH REPEAT TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEIN KINASE PROTEIN 1; LRRK1; At1g05700), which also affects auxin-dependent PIN re-arrangement. We described its transcriptional behaviour, subcellular localization. Based on global expression data, we tried to identify ligand responsible for mechanism of signalling and suggest signalling partner and interactors. Additionally, we described role of novel phytohormone group, strigolactone, in auxin-dependent PIN re-arrangement, that could be a fundament for future studies in this field. Our results provide first insights into an auxin transcriptional network targeting PIN localization and thus regulating plant development. We highlighted WRKY23 transcriptional network and characterised its mediatory role in plant development. We identified direct effectors of this network, LHT1 and LRRK1, and describe their roles in PIN re-arrangement and PIN-dependent auxin transport processes.

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