Approximation Theory [electronic resource] : From Taylor Polynomials to Wavelets / by Ole Christensen, Khadija L. Christensen.

By: Christensen, Ole [author.]
Contributor(s): Christensen, Khadija L [author.] | SpringerLink (Online service)
Material type: TextTextSeries: Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis: Publisher: Boston, MA : Birkhäuser Boston : Imprint: Birkhäuser, 2005Description: XI, 156 p. 5 illus. online resourceContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780817644482Subject(s): Mathematics | Harmonic analysis | Approximation theory | Fourier analysis | Functional analysis | Applied mathematics | Engineering mathematics | Mathematics | Fourier Analysis | Approximations and Expansions | Abstract Harmonic Analysis | Functional Analysis | Applications of Mathematics | Signal, Image and Speech ProcessingAdditional physical formats: Printed edition:: No titleDDC classification: 515.2433 LOC classification: QA403.5-404.5Online resources: Click here to access online
Contents:
1 Approximation with Polynomials -- 1.1 Approximation of a function on an interval -- 1.2 Weierstrass’ theorem -- 1.3 Taylor’s theorem -- 1.4 Exercises -- 2 Infinite Series -- 2.1 Infinite series of numbers -- 2.2 Estimating the sum of an infinite series -- 2.3 Geometric series -- 2.4 Power series -- 2.5 General infinite sums of functions -- 2.6 Uniform convergence -- 2.7 Signal transmission -- 2.8 Exercises -- 3 Fourier Analysis -- 3.1 Fourier series -- 3.2 Fourier’s theorem and approximation -- 3.3 Fourier series and signal analysis -- 3.4 Fourier series and Hilbert spaces -- 3.5 Fourier series in complex form -- 3.6 Parseval’s theorem -- 3.7 Regularity and decay of the Fourier coefficients -- 3.8 Best N-term approximation -- 3.9 The Fourier transform -- 3.10 Exercises -- 4 Wavelets and Applications -- 4.1 About wavelet systems -- 4.2 Wavelets and signal processing -- 4.3 Wavelets and fingerprints -- 4.4 Wavelet packets -- 4.5 Alternatives to wavelets: Gabor systems -- 4.6 Exercises -- 5 Wavelets and their Mathematical Properties -- 5.1 Wavelets and L2 (?) -- 5.2 Multiresolution analysis -- 5.3 The role of the Fourier transform -- 5.4 The Haar wavelet -- 5.5 The role of compact support -- 5.6 Wavelets and singularities -- 5.7 Best N-term approximation -- 5.8 Frames -- 5.9 Gabor systems -- 5.10 Exercises -- Appendix A -- A.1 Definitions and notation -- A.2 Proof of Weierstrass’ theorem -- A.3 Proof of Taylor’s theorem -- A.4 Infinite series -- A.5 Proof of Theorem 3 7 2 -- Appendix B -- B.1 Power series -- B.2 Fourier series for 2?-periodic functions -- List of Symbols -- References.
In: Springer eBooksSummary: This concisely written book gives an elementary introduction to a classical area of mathematics—approximation theory—in a way that naturally leads to the modern field of wavelets. The exposition, driven by ideas rather than technical details and proofs, demonstrates the dynamic nature of mathematics and the influence of classical disciplines on many areas of modern mathematics and applications. Key features and topics: * Description of wavelets in words rather than mathematical symbols * Elementary introduction to approximation using polynomials (Weierstrass’ and Taylor’s theorems) * Introduction to infinite series, with emphasis on approximation-theoretic aspects * Introduction to Fourier analysis * Numerous classical, illustrative examples and constructions * Discussion of the role of wavelets in digital signal processing and data compression, such as the FBI’s use of wavelets to store fingerprints * Minimal prerequisites: elementary calculus * Exercises that may be used in undergraduate and graduate courses on infinite series and Fourier series Approximation Theory: From Taylor Polynomials to Wavelets will be an excellent textbook or self-study reference for students and instructors in pure and applied mathematics, mathematical physics, and engineering. Readers will find motivation and background material pointing toward advanced literature and research topics in pure and applied harmonic analysis and related areas.
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1 Approximation with Polynomials -- 1.1 Approximation of a function on an interval -- 1.2 Weierstrass’ theorem -- 1.3 Taylor’s theorem -- 1.4 Exercises -- 2 Infinite Series -- 2.1 Infinite series of numbers -- 2.2 Estimating the sum of an infinite series -- 2.3 Geometric series -- 2.4 Power series -- 2.5 General infinite sums of functions -- 2.6 Uniform convergence -- 2.7 Signal transmission -- 2.8 Exercises -- 3 Fourier Analysis -- 3.1 Fourier series -- 3.2 Fourier’s theorem and approximation -- 3.3 Fourier series and signal analysis -- 3.4 Fourier series and Hilbert spaces -- 3.5 Fourier series in complex form -- 3.6 Parseval’s theorem -- 3.7 Regularity and decay of the Fourier coefficients -- 3.8 Best N-term approximation -- 3.9 The Fourier transform -- 3.10 Exercises -- 4 Wavelets and Applications -- 4.1 About wavelet systems -- 4.2 Wavelets and signal processing -- 4.3 Wavelets and fingerprints -- 4.4 Wavelet packets -- 4.5 Alternatives to wavelets: Gabor systems -- 4.6 Exercises -- 5 Wavelets and their Mathematical Properties -- 5.1 Wavelets and L2 (?) -- 5.2 Multiresolution analysis -- 5.3 The role of the Fourier transform -- 5.4 The Haar wavelet -- 5.5 The role of compact support -- 5.6 Wavelets and singularities -- 5.7 Best N-term approximation -- 5.8 Frames -- 5.9 Gabor systems -- 5.10 Exercises -- Appendix A -- A.1 Definitions and notation -- A.2 Proof of Weierstrass’ theorem -- A.3 Proof of Taylor’s theorem -- A.4 Infinite series -- A.5 Proof of Theorem 3 7 2 -- Appendix B -- B.1 Power series -- B.2 Fourier series for 2?-periodic functions -- List of Symbols -- References.

This concisely written book gives an elementary introduction to a classical area of mathematics—approximation theory—in a way that naturally leads to the modern field of wavelets. The exposition, driven by ideas rather than technical details and proofs, demonstrates the dynamic nature of mathematics and the influence of classical disciplines on many areas of modern mathematics and applications. Key features and topics: * Description of wavelets in words rather than mathematical symbols * Elementary introduction to approximation using polynomials (Weierstrass’ and Taylor’s theorems) * Introduction to infinite series, with emphasis on approximation-theoretic aspects * Introduction to Fourier analysis * Numerous classical, illustrative examples and constructions * Discussion of the role of wavelets in digital signal processing and data compression, such as the FBI’s use of wavelets to store fingerprints * Minimal prerequisites: elementary calculus * Exercises that may be used in undergraduate and graduate courses on infinite series and Fourier series Approximation Theory: From Taylor Polynomials to Wavelets will be an excellent textbook or self-study reference for students and instructors in pure and applied mathematics, mathematical physics, and engineering. Readers will find motivation and background material pointing toward advanced literature and research topics in pure and applied harmonic analysis and related areas.

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