Progress in understanding of polymer crystallization / Günter Reiter, Gert R. Strobl, (eds.).

Contributor(s): Reiter, G. (Günter), 1960- | Strobl, Gert R, 1941-
Material type: TextTextSeries: Lecture notes in physics: 714.Publisher: Berlin ; New York : Springer, ©2007Description: 1 online resource (xx, 506 pages) : illustrations (some color)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783540473077; 3540473076; 9783540473053; 354047305X; 1280852259; 9781280852251; 6610852251; 9786610852253Subject(s): Crystallization | Crystalline polymers | SCIENCE -- Chemistry -- Organic | Crystallization | Crystalline polymers | Physique | Crystalline polymers | CrystallizationGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Progress in understanding of polymer crystallization.DDC classification: 547.7 LOC classification: QD382.C78 | P763 2007ebOther classification: O631. 1-1 | O7-1 Online resources: Click here to access online
Contents:
Cover -- Contents -- 1 Shifting Paradigms in Polymer Crystallization -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Classical View -- 1.2.1 Lamellar Thickness -- 1.2.2 Lamellar Growth -- 1.3 Results -- 1.3.1 Nucleation of a Lamella -- 1.3.2 Free Energy Landscape -- 1.3.3 Spontaneous Selection of Lamellar Thickness and Shape -- 1.3.4 Growth Front -- 1.3.5 Kinetics at the Growth Front -- 1.4 Conclusions -- References -- 2 Theoretical Aspects of the Equilibrium State of Chain Crystals -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Thermodynamic Considerations about the Equilibrium Shape of a Polymer Single Crystal -- 2.3 The Brush State of the Amorphous Fraction is Thermodynamically Suppressed -- 2.4 Extended Chain Crystals and Sliding Entropy -- 2.5 The Slip-Loop Model for the Entropy of the Amorphous Fraction of a Single Chain Crystal -- 2.6 Tight Loops and Effective Fold Surface Tension for Single Chain Crystals -- 2.7 Many Chain Crystals -- 2.8 The Role of Bending Rigidity for the Formation of Small Loops -- 2.9 Tilting in Extended Chain Crystals -- 2.10 Summary and Conclusion -- References -- 3 Intramolecular Crystal Nucleation -- 3.1 Nucleation Mechanism of Polymer Crystallization -- 3.2 Concept of Molecular Nucleation -- 3.3 Intramolecular Nucleation Model -- 3.3.1 Primary Crystal Nucleation in a Single Chain -- 3.3.2 Secondary Crystal Nucleation in a Single Chain -- 3.3.3 From Molecular Nucleation to Intramolecular Nucleation -- 3.4 Concluding Remarks -- References -- 4 Kinetic Theory of Crystal Nucleation Under Transient Molecular Orientation -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Time Evolution of the Chain Distribution Function -- 4.3 Free Energy and Orientation Distribution of the Chain Segments -- 4.4 Crystal Nucleation Rate -- 4.5 Conclusions -- References -- 5 Precursor of Primary Nucleation in Isotactic Polystyrene Induced by Shear Flow -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Experimental -- 5.3 Results and Discussion -- 5.4 Conclusion -- References -- 6 Structure Formation and Glass Transition in Oriented Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Experiments -- 6.3 Structural Change at Isothermal Annealing Process -- 6.3.1 X-ray Diffraction Patterns -- 6.3.2 Integrated Intensity as a Function of Annealing Time -- 6.3.3 Kinetic Model Analysis -- 6.4 Structural and Thermal Change During the Heating Process -- 6.4.1 X-ray Scattering Patterns During the Heating Process -- 6.4.2 Thermal Properties of Oriented PET -- 6.5 Concluding Remarks -- References -- 7 How Do Orientation Fluctuations Evolve to Crystals? -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Materials and Methods -- 7.2.1 Sample Preparation -- 7.2.2 Differential Scanning Calorimetery (DSC) -- 7.2.3 Simultaneous WAXS and SAXS -- 7.2.4 USAXS Measurements -- 7.2.5 Small Angle Light Scattering (SALS) -- 7.3 Results and Discussion -- References -- 8 Role of Chain Entanglement Network on Formation of Flow-Induced Crystallization Precursor Structure -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Current Opinions on Flow-Induced Crystallization Precursor Structures -- 8.3 Role of High Molecular Weight Species in Flow &
Summary: In the context of polymer crystallization there are several still open and often controversially debated questions. The present volume addresses issues such as novel general views and concepts which help to advance our understanding of polymer crystallisation nucleation phenomena long living melt structures affecting crystallization confinement effects on crystallization crystallization in flowing melts fluid mobility restrictions caused by crystallites the role of mesophases in the crystal formation and presents new ideas in a connected and accessible way. The intention is thus not only to provide a summary of the present state-of-the-art to all active works but to provide an entry point to newcomer and graduate students entering the field.
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Includes bibliographical references and index.

Cover -- Contents -- 1 Shifting Paradigms in Polymer Crystallization -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Classical View -- 1.2.1 Lamellar Thickness -- 1.2.2 Lamellar Growth -- 1.3 Results -- 1.3.1 Nucleation of a Lamella -- 1.3.2 Free Energy Landscape -- 1.3.3 Spontaneous Selection of Lamellar Thickness and Shape -- 1.3.4 Growth Front -- 1.3.5 Kinetics at the Growth Front -- 1.4 Conclusions -- References -- 2 Theoretical Aspects of the Equilibrium State of Chain Crystals -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Thermodynamic Considerations about the Equilibrium Shape of a Polymer Single Crystal -- 2.3 The Brush State of the Amorphous Fraction is Thermodynamically Suppressed -- 2.4 Extended Chain Crystals and Sliding Entropy -- 2.5 The Slip-Loop Model for the Entropy of the Amorphous Fraction of a Single Chain Crystal -- 2.6 Tight Loops and Effective Fold Surface Tension for Single Chain Crystals -- 2.7 Many Chain Crystals -- 2.8 The Role of Bending Rigidity for the Formation of Small Loops -- 2.9 Tilting in Extended Chain Crystals -- 2.10 Summary and Conclusion -- References -- 3 Intramolecular Crystal Nucleation -- 3.1 Nucleation Mechanism of Polymer Crystallization -- 3.2 Concept of Molecular Nucleation -- 3.3 Intramolecular Nucleation Model -- 3.3.1 Primary Crystal Nucleation in a Single Chain -- 3.3.2 Secondary Crystal Nucleation in a Single Chain -- 3.3.3 From Molecular Nucleation to Intramolecular Nucleation -- 3.4 Concluding Remarks -- References -- 4 Kinetic Theory of Crystal Nucleation Under Transient Molecular Orientation -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Time Evolution of the Chain Distribution Function -- 4.3 Free Energy and Orientation Distribution of the Chain Segments -- 4.4 Crystal Nucleation Rate -- 4.5 Conclusions -- References -- 5 Precursor of Primary Nucleation in Isotactic Polystyrene Induced by Shear Flow -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Experimental -- 5.3 Results and Discussion -- 5.4 Conclusion -- References -- 6 Structure Formation and Glass Transition in Oriented Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Experiments -- 6.3 Structural Change at Isothermal Annealing Process -- 6.3.1 X-ray Diffraction Patterns -- 6.3.2 Integrated Intensity as a Function of Annealing Time -- 6.3.3 Kinetic Model Analysis -- 6.4 Structural and Thermal Change During the Heating Process -- 6.4.1 X-ray Scattering Patterns During the Heating Process -- 6.4.2 Thermal Properties of Oriented PET -- 6.5 Concluding Remarks -- References -- 7 How Do Orientation Fluctuations Evolve to Crystals? -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Materials and Methods -- 7.2.1 Sample Preparation -- 7.2.2 Differential Scanning Calorimetery (DSC) -- 7.2.3 Simultaneous WAXS and SAXS -- 7.2.4 USAXS Measurements -- 7.2.5 Small Angle Light Scattering (SALS) -- 7.3 Results and Discussion -- References -- 8 Role of Chain Entanglement Network on Formation of Flow-Induced Crystallization Precursor Structure -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Current Opinions on Flow-Induced Crystallization Precursor Structures -- 8.3 Role of High Molecular Weight Species in Flow &

Print version record.

In the context of polymer crystallization there are several still open and often controversially debated questions. The present volume addresses issues such as novel general views and concepts which help to advance our understanding of polymer crystallisation nucleation phenomena long living melt structures affecting crystallization confinement effects on crystallization crystallization in flowing melts fluid mobility restrictions caused by crystallites the role of mesophases in the crystal formation and presents new ideas in a connected and accessible way. The intention is thus not only to provide a summary of the present state-of-the-art to all active works but to provide an entry point to newcomer and graduate students entering the field.

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