The role of scientific and technical data and information in the public domain : proceedings of a symposium / Julie M. Esanu and Paul F. Uhlir, editors ; Steering Committee on the Role of Scientific and Technical Data and Information in the Public Domain, Office of International Scientific and Technical Information Programs, Board on International Scientific Organizations, Policy and Global Affairs Division, National Research Council of the National Academies.Material type: TextPublisher: Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, Description: 1 online resource (1 PDF file (xi, 226 pages)) : illustrationsContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780309525459; 0309525454; 1280209410; 9781280209413; 9786610209415; 6610209413Subject(s): Communication in science -- Congresses | Intellectual property -- Congresses | Right of property -- Congresses | Research -- Information services -- Congresses | Database management -- Congresses | Information technology -- Congresses | Access to Information | Science | Information Dissemination | Public Sector | Publishing | Technology | United States | SCIENCE -- Philosophy & Social Aspects | Communication in science | Database management | Information technology | Intellectual property | Research -- Information services | Right of propertyGenre/Form: Electronic book. | Congress. | Electronic books. | Conference papers and proceedings. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Role of scientific and technical data and information in the public domain.DDC classification: 501.4 LOC classification: Q223 | .R65 2003ebNLM classification: Q 180.U5Online resources: Click here to access online
|Item type||Current library||Collection||Call number||Status||Date due||Barcode||Item holds|
Title from PDF title page.
Includes bibliographical references.
The body of scientific and technical data and information (STI) in the public domain in the United States is massive and has contributed broadly to the economic, social, and intellectual vibrancy of the nation. The "public domain" can be defined in legal terms as sources and types of data and information whose uses are not restricted by statutory intellectual property laws or by other legal regimes, and that are accordingly available to the public for use without authorization. In recent years, however, there have been growing legal, economic, and technological pressures that restrict the creation and availability of public-domain information -- scientific and otherwise. It is therefore important to review the role, value, and limits on public-domain STI. The meeting brought together leading experts and managers from the public and private sectors who are involved in the creation, dissemination, and use of STI to discuss (1) the role, value, and limits of making STI available in the public domain for research and education; (2) the various legal, economic, and technological pressures on the producers of public-domain STI and the potential effects of these pressures on research and education; (3) the existing and proposed approaches for preserving the STI in the public domain or for providing "open access" in the United States; and (4) other important issues in this area that may benefit from further analysis.
Version viewed: Dec. 18, 2014.
1. Discussion framwork -- 2. The Genius of intellectual property and the need for the public domain -- 3. Intellectual property-when is it the best incentive mechanism for S & T data and information? -- 4. The Economic logic of "open science" and the balance between privae property rights and the public domain in scientific data and information: a primer -- 5. Scientific knowledge as a global public good: contributions to innovation and the economy -- 7. Opportunities for commercial exploitation of networked science and technology public-comain information resources 7. Education -- 8. Earth and environmental sciences -- 9. Biomedical research 10. Discussion framework -- 11. The Urge to commercialize: interactions between public and private research and development -- 12. Legal pressures in intellectual property law -- 13. Legal pressures on the public domain: licensing practices -- 14. Legal pressures in national security restrictions -- 15. The challenge of digital rights management technologies 16. Discussion framework -- 17. Fundamental research and education -- 18. Conflicting international public sector information policies and their effects on the public domain and the economy -- 19. Potential effects of a diminishing public domain in biomedical research data 20. Discussion framework -- 21. Strengthening public-domain mechanisms in the federal government: a perspective from biological and environmental research -- 22. Academics as a natural haven for open science and public-domain resources: how far can we stray? -- 23. New legal approaches in the private sector -- 24. Designing public-private transactions that foster innovation -- 25. Emerging models for maintaining scientific data in the public domain -- 26. The role of the research university in strengthening the intellectual commons: the OpenCourseWare and DSPace initiatives at Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- 27. Corporate donations of geophysical data -- 28. The Single nuecleotide polymorphism consortium -- 29. Closing remarks.