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Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Light of New Technology : ISQM--Tokyo '01 : Advanced Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Hatoyama, Saitama, Japan, 27-30 August 2001 / edited by Yoshimasa A. Ono, Kazuo Fujikawa.

By: (7th : International Symposium Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Light of New Technology (7th : 2001 : Hatoyama-machi, Japan)Contributor(s): Ono, Yoshimasa A | Fujikawa, KMaterial type: TextTextPublication details: River Edge, N.J. : World Scientific, ©2002. Description: 1 online resource (xvi, 331 pages) : illustrations (some color)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9789812776716; 9812776710; 9789812381309; 9812381309; 1281929298; 9781281929297; 9786611929299; 6611929290Other title: Foundations of quantum mechanics in the light of new technology : ISQM--Tokyo '01Subject(s): Quantum theory -- Congresses | Physics -- Congresses | SCIENCE -- Physics -- Quantum Theory | Physics | Quantum theoryGenre/Form: Electronic books. | Conference papers and proceedings. | Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Light of New Technology.DDC classification: 530.1/2 LOC classification: QC173.96 | .I576 2001ebOnline resources: Click here to access online
Contents:
Quantum computing. 1. Decoherence and dephasing in spin-based solid state quantum computers / X. Hu, R. De Sousa, S. Das Sarma -- 2. Quantum-state manipulations in a Cooper-pair box / Y. Nakamura [and others] -- 3. Quantum state engineering and Josephson junctions: charge and flux detectors / Yu. Makhlin, G. Schön, A. Shnirman -- 4. Multiple size quantum dots for quantum computation / P.A. Cain, H. Ahmed, D.A. Williams -- 5. Decoherences in strongly interacting qubits / H. Nakano, H. Takayanagi -- 6. Dephasing of a qubit coupled with a point-contact detector / Y. Rikitake [and others] -- 7. Quantum gates in capacitively coupled quantum dots and measurement procedure / T. Tanamoto -- 8. Statistical estimation of a quantum channel / A. Fujiwara -- Quantum information, quantum teleportation, and entanglement. 9. High-fidelity experimental quantum teleportation and entanglement swapping / T. Jennewein [and others] -- 10. Entanglement and Bell's inequality experiments using trapped ions / C.A. Sackett [and others] -- 11. Experimental realization of continuous-variable teleportation / A. Furusawa -- 12. Exactly distillable entanglement / F. Morikoshi, M. Koashi -- 13. Information extraction and quantum state distortions in continuous variable quantum teleportation / H.F. Hofmann [and others] -- 14. Continuous variable teleportation of single photon states / T. Ide [and others] -- 15. Quantum information transfer without an external channel / J.V. Corbett, D. Home -- 16. Quantum information transfer using a time-dependent boundary condition / A.S. Majumdar, D. Home -- 17. A detailed analysis on the fidelity of quantum teleportation using photons / K. Tsujino, S. Takeuchi, K. Sasaki -- 18. Holevo bound for classical information transmitted through entangled states / L.C. Kwek, C.H. Oh -- Quantum optics. 19. Entanglement manipulation with atoms and photons in a cavity / S. Haroche -- 20. Generation of single photons and entangled photon pairs from a quantum dot / Y. Yamamoto [and others] -- 21. Twin photon beams for single photon generation / S. Takeuchi -- 22. Measurement of the photonic de Broglie wavelength of parametric downconverted photons using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer / K. Edamatsu, R. Shimizu, T. Itoh -- 23. Exciton-photon interaction for a high-exciton-density quantum well placed in a microcavity / Yu-Xi Liu [and others] -- 24. Qubit-state generation using projection synthesis / Ş.K. Özdemir [and others].
Bose-Einstein condensation and atom interferometry. 25. Quantized vortices in a Bose-Einstein condensate / V. Bretin [and others] -- 26. Vortex excitations in a Bose-Einstein condensate / S. Inouye [and others] -- 27. Collapsing dynamics of trapped Bose-Einstein condensates with attractive interactions / H. Saito, M. Ueda -- 28. Criterion for Bose-Einstein condensation in a trap / H. Ezawa, K. Watanabe, K. Nakamura -- 29. Giant quantum reflection of neon atoms from silicon surface / F. Shimizu, J. Fujita -- 30. A dc Stark free atom interferometer having two arms with different Zeeman sublevels for measurement of the Aharonov-Casher effect / S. Yanagimachi, M. Kajiro, A. Morinaga -- 31. Atomic multiple-beam interferometer phase-shifted by the multiple magnetic pulse fields / K. Shinohara, T. Aoki, A. Morinaga -- 32. Effects of decoherence on entangled atomic wave functions in microcavities / A.S. Majumdar, N. Nayak -- 33. Quantum theory of continuous-wave atom laser by non Born-Markov approach / H. Iwasawa, K. Matsuo -- Mesoscopic magnets. 34. Environmental effects on quantum reversal of mesoscopic spins / R. Giraud [and others] -- 35. Resistance of geometrically confined magnetic domain wall / T. Ono [and others] -- 36. Bloch oscillation of a magnetic domain wall / J. Shibata, K. Niizeki, S. Takagi -- 37. Magnetic structures and transport properties in ferromagnetic tunneling junction / M. Ichimura [and others] -- 38. Ferromagnetic and anti-ferromagnetic reconstruction in semiconductor quantum dots / M. Stopa -- Single electronics and superconductors. 39. A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range / O. Astafiev [and others] -- 40. Correlation effects on Josephson current through one-dimensional Josephson junction arrays / T. Kato -- 41. Superconductor-insulator transition in one- and two-dimensional arrays of dissipative small Josephson junctions / T. Yamaguchi [and others] -- Nanoscale physics and atomics. 42. Quantized conductance of gold nanowire studied by UHV-electron microscope with STM / K. Takayanagi -- 43. Atomic-scale structures fabricated on a hydrogen-terminated Si surface / T. Hashizume [and others] -- 44. Nanometer-scale fabrication using scanning probe lithography / M. Ishibashi [and others] -- 45. Spectral structure of quantum line with a defect / T. Cheon, T. Fülöp, I. Tsutsui -- Quantum transport. 46. Quantum transport in two-dimensional electron gas in ultra-short period lateral superlattices / Y. lye [and others] -- 47. Transport properties through atomic-size point contacts of multi-band metals / K. Ueno, M. Eto, K. Kawamura -- 48. Enhanced tunnel magnetoresistance in ferromagnetic single electron transistor / R. Matsuda, A. Kanda, Y. Ootuka -- 49. Observation-dependent decoherence in an Aharonov-Bohm ring / K. Kobayashi [and others].
Precise measurements. 50. Oscillation phenomena in high energy physics: CP violation in B-meson decays and long baseline neutrino oscillation / K. Nakamura -- 51. Dynamic observation of vortices in high-Tc superconductors / A. Tonomura -- 52. Precision optical frequency metrology using pulsed lasers / Th. Udem [and others] -- 53. Interferometric gravitational wave detector in Japan / N. Mio, the Tama Collaboration -- 54. Observation of Hanbury Brown-Twiss correlations for free electrons / H. Kiesel, F. Hasselbach -- 55. Jamin-type interferometer for cold neutrons using etalon plates / M. Kitaguchi, H. Funahashi, M. Hino -- 56. Proposition of a nanoscale collider experiments to examine the loss of visibility due to entanglement / K. Toyoshima, T. Endo, Y. Hirayoshi -- Fundamental problems in quantum physics. 57. Quantum information aspect of black hole / A. Hosoya -- 58. Decoherence of anomalously-fluctuating states of finite macroscopic systems / A. Shimizu, T. Miyadera, A. Ukena -- 59. A coarse-grained position operator and decoherence in macroscopic systems / A. Nagasato [and others] -- 60. Entanglement of an assembly of N identical two level atoms / D. Ulam-Orgikh, M. Kitagawa -- 61. Neutron scattering by entangled spatial and spin degrees of freedom / E.B. Karlsson, S.W. Lovesey -- 62. Short-lived proton entanglement in yttrium hydrides / E.B. Karlsson [and others] -- 63. Short-lived quantum entanglement of protons and dissociation of C-H bonds in condensed matter -- a new effect / C.A. Chatzidimitriou-Dreismann, T. Abdul-Redah -- 64. Is it possible to determine the time when the Aharonov-Bohm effect occurs / T. Kaufherr, Y. Aharonov -- 65. The WKB method, complex-valued classical trajectories and weak measurements / A. Tanaka -- 66. Decoherent parameters in correlated two neutral kaon systems / F. Uchiyama -- Closing ISQM-Tokyo '01 / S. Nakajima.
Summary: This book discusses fundamental problems in quantum physics, with emphasis on quantum coherence and decoherence. Papers covering the wide range of quantum physics are included: atom optics, quantum optics, quantum computing, quantum information, cryptography, macroscopic quantum phenomena, mesoscopic physics, physics of precise measurements, and fundamental problems in quantum physics. The book will serve not only as a good introduction to quantum coherence and decoherence for newcomers in this field, but also as a reference for experts.
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Includes bibliographical references and index.

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Quantum computing. 1. Decoherence and dephasing in spin-based solid state quantum computers / X. Hu, R. De Sousa, S. Das Sarma -- 2. Quantum-state manipulations in a Cooper-pair box / Y. Nakamura [and others] -- 3. Quantum state engineering and Josephson junctions: charge and flux detectors / Yu. Makhlin, G. Schön, A. Shnirman -- 4. Multiple size quantum dots for quantum computation / P.A. Cain, H. Ahmed, D.A. Williams -- 5. Decoherences in strongly interacting qubits / H. Nakano, H. Takayanagi -- 6. Dephasing of a qubit coupled with a point-contact detector / Y. Rikitake [and others] -- 7. Quantum gates in capacitively coupled quantum dots and measurement procedure / T. Tanamoto -- 8. Statistical estimation of a quantum channel / A. Fujiwara -- Quantum information, quantum teleportation, and entanglement. 9. High-fidelity experimental quantum teleportation and entanglement swapping / T. Jennewein [and others] -- 10. Entanglement and Bell's inequality experiments using trapped ions / C.A. Sackett [and others] -- 11. Experimental realization of continuous-variable teleportation / A. Furusawa -- 12. Exactly distillable entanglement / F. Morikoshi, M. Koashi -- 13. Information extraction and quantum state distortions in continuous variable quantum teleportation / H.F. Hofmann [and others] -- 14. Continuous variable teleportation of single photon states / T. Ide [and others] -- 15. Quantum information transfer without an external channel / J.V. Corbett, D. Home -- 16. Quantum information transfer using a time-dependent boundary condition / A.S. Majumdar, D. Home -- 17. A detailed analysis on the fidelity of quantum teleportation using photons / K. Tsujino, S. Takeuchi, K. Sasaki -- 18. Holevo bound for classical information transmitted through entangled states / L.C. Kwek, C.H. Oh -- Quantum optics. 19. Entanglement manipulation with atoms and photons in a cavity / S. Haroche -- 20. Generation of single photons and entangled photon pairs from a quantum dot / Y. Yamamoto [and others] -- 21. Twin photon beams for single photon generation / S. Takeuchi -- 22. Measurement of the photonic de Broglie wavelength of parametric downconverted photons using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer / K. Edamatsu, R. Shimizu, T. Itoh -- 23. Exciton-photon interaction for a high-exciton-density quantum well placed in a microcavity / Yu-Xi Liu [and others] -- 24. Qubit-state generation using projection synthesis / Ş.K. Özdemir [and others].

Bose-Einstein condensation and atom interferometry. 25. Quantized vortices in a Bose-Einstein condensate / V. Bretin [and others] -- 26. Vortex excitations in a Bose-Einstein condensate / S. Inouye [and others] -- 27. Collapsing dynamics of trapped Bose-Einstein condensates with attractive interactions / H. Saito, M. Ueda -- 28. Criterion for Bose-Einstein condensation in a trap / H. Ezawa, K. Watanabe, K. Nakamura -- 29. Giant quantum reflection of neon atoms from silicon surface / F. Shimizu, J. Fujita -- 30. A dc Stark free atom interferometer having two arms with different Zeeman sublevels for measurement of the Aharonov-Casher effect / S. Yanagimachi, M. Kajiro, A. Morinaga -- 31. Atomic multiple-beam interferometer phase-shifted by the multiple magnetic pulse fields / K. Shinohara, T. Aoki, A. Morinaga -- 32. Effects of decoherence on entangled atomic wave functions in microcavities / A.S. Majumdar, N. Nayak -- 33. Quantum theory of continuous-wave atom laser by non Born-Markov approach / H. Iwasawa, K. Matsuo -- Mesoscopic magnets. 34. Environmental effects on quantum reversal of mesoscopic spins / R. Giraud [and others] -- 35. Resistance of geometrically confined magnetic domain wall / T. Ono [and others] -- 36. Bloch oscillation of a magnetic domain wall / J. Shibata, K. Niizeki, S. Takagi -- 37. Magnetic structures and transport properties in ferromagnetic tunneling junction / M. Ichimura [and others] -- 38. Ferromagnetic and anti-ferromagnetic reconstruction in semiconductor quantum dots / M. Stopa -- Single electronics and superconductors. 39. A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range / O. Astafiev [and others] -- 40. Correlation effects on Josephson current through one-dimensional Josephson junction arrays / T. Kato -- 41. Superconductor-insulator transition in one- and two-dimensional arrays of dissipative small Josephson junctions / T. Yamaguchi [and others] -- Nanoscale physics and atomics. 42. Quantized conductance of gold nanowire studied by UHV-electron microscope with STM / K. Takayanagi -- 43. Atomic-scale structures fabricated on a hydrogen-terminated Si surface / T. Hashizume [and others] -- 44. Nanometer-scale fabrication using scanning probe lithography / M. Ishibashi [and others] -- 45. Spectral structure of quantum line with a defect / T. Cheon, T. Fülöp, I. Tsutsui -- Quantum transport. 46. Quantum transport in two-dimensional electron gas in ultra-short period lateral superlattices / Y. lye [and others] -- 47. Transport properties through atomic-size point contacts of multi-band metals / K. Ueno, M. Eto, K. Kawamura -- 48. Enhanced tunnel magnetoresistance in ferromagnetic single electron transistor / R. Matsuda, A. Kanda, Y. Ootuka -- 49. Observation-dependent decoherence in an Aharonov-Bohm ring / K. Kobayashi [and others].

Precise measurements. 50. Oscillation phenomena in high energy physics: CP violation in B-meson decays and long baseline neutrino oscillation / K. Nakamura -- 51. Dynamic observation of vortices in high-Tc superconductors / A. Tonomura -- 52. Precision optical frequency metrology using pulsed lasers / Th. Udem [and others] -- 53. Interferometric gravitational wave detector in Japan / N. Mio, the Tama Collaboration -- 54. Observation of Hanbury Brown-Twiss correlations for free electrons / H. Kiesel, F. Hasselbach -- 55. Jamin-type interferometer for cold neutrons using etalon plates / M. Kitaguchi, H. Funahashi, M. Hino -- 56. Proposition of a nanoscale collider experiments to examine the loss of visibility due to entanglement / K. Toyoshima, T. Endo, Y. Hirayoshi -- Fundamental problems in quantum physics. 57. Quantum information aspect of black hole / A. Hosoya -- 58. Decoherence of anomalously-fluctuating states of finite macroscopic systems / A. Shimizu, T. Miyadera, A. Ukena -- 59. A coarse-grained position operator and decoherence in macroscopic systems / A. Nagasato [and others] -- 60. Entanglement of an assembly of N identical two level atoms / D. Ulam-Orgikh, M. Kitagawa -- 61. Neutron scattering by entangled spatial and spin degrees of freedom / E.B. Karlsson, S.W. Lovesey -- 62. Short-lived proton entanglement in yttrium hydrides / E.B. Karlsson [and others] -- 63. Short-lived quantum entanglement of protons and dissociation of C-H bonds in condensed matter -- a new effect / C.A. Chatzidimitriou-Dreismann, T. Abdul-Redah -- 64. Is it possible to determine the time when the Aharonov-Bohm effect occurs / T. Kaufherr, Y. Aharonov -- 65. The WKB method, complex-valued classical trajectories and weak measurements / A. Tanaka -- 66. Decoherent parameters in correlated two neutral kaon systems / F. Uchiyama -- Closing ISQM-Tokyo '01 / S. Nakajima.

This book discusses fundamental problems in quantum physics, with emphasis on quantum coherence and decoherence. Papers covering the wide range of quantum physics are included: atom optics, quantum optics, quantum computing, quantum information, cryptography, macroscopic quantum phenomena, mesoscopic physics, physics of precise measurements, and fundamental problems in quantum physics. The book will serve not only as a good introduction to quantum coherence and decoherence for newcomers in this field, but also as a reference for experts.

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