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Condensed-matter physics / Panel on Condensed-Matter Physics, Physics Survey Committee, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources, National Research Council.

Contributor(s): National Research Council (U.S.). Panel on Condensed Matter PhysicsMaterial type: TextTextSeries: Physics through the 1990sPublication details: Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press, 1986. Description: 1 online resource (xvii, 307 pages) : illustrationsContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 0309568048; 9780309568043Subject(s): Condensed matter | SCIENCE -- Physics -- General | SCIENCE -- Mechanics -- General | SCIENCE -- Energy | Condensed matter | Tecnologia educacionalGenre/Form: Electronic book. | Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Condensed-matter physics.DDC classification: 530.4 LOC classification: QC173.4.C65 | C66 1986ebOnline resources: Click here to access online
Contents:
Condensed-Matter Physics -- Copyright -- Preface -- Contents -- I Highlights, Opportunities, and Needs -- CONDENSED-MATTER PHYSICS AND ITS IMPORTANCE -- DISCOVERY -- Artificially Structured Materials -- The Quantized Hall Effect -- Effects of Reduced Dimensionality -- Charge-Density Waves -- Disorder -- Mixed Valence and Heavy Fermions -- The Superfluid Phases of 3He -- The Renormalization Group Methods -- Chaotic Phenomena in Time and Space -- Widespread Use of Synchrotron Radiation -- Atomic Resolution Experimental Probes
RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES IN CONDENSED-MATTER PHYSICS IN THE NEXT DECADENEEDS OF CONDENSED-MATTER PHYSICS IN THE NEXT DECADE -- Support for Individual Researchers -- MANPOWER -- INSTRUMENTATION -- COMPUTATION -- FUNDING -- Support for National Facilities -- NEUTRON FACILITIES -- SYNCHROTRON RADIATION SOURCES RECOMMENDATIONS -- HIGH-MAGNETIC-FIELD FACILITIES RECOMMENDATIONS -- ELECTRON-MICROSCOPE FACILITIES RECOMMENDATIONS -- GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS CONCERNING NATIONAL FACILITIES -- University-Industry-Government Relations
II A Decade of Condensed-Matter Physics1 Electronic Structure and Properties of Matter -- INTRODUCTION -- ADVANCES IN ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE DETERMINATIONS -- MANY-ELECTRON EFFECTS -- QUANTIZED HALL EFFECT -- ELECTRON-HOLE DROPLETS -- ELECTRONICALLY ORDERED STATES -- DISORDERED SYSTEMS -- MIXED MEDIA -- CONDENSED MATTER AT HIGH PRESSURE -- OPPORTUNITIES -- 2 Structures and Vibrational Properties of Solids -- INTRODUCTION -- THEORETICAL CALCULATIONS -- MEASUREMENTS OF STRUCTURES AND PHONON SPECTRA -- PHONON TRANSPORT -- ELECTRON-PHONON INTERACTIONS
DISORDERED SOLIDS AND INCOMMENSURATE PHASESPHASE TRANSITIONS AND NONLINEAR EXCITATIONS -- OPPORTUNITIES -- 3 Critical Phenomena and Phase Transitions -- INTRODUCTION -- WHAT ARE CRITICAL PHENOMENA, AND WHY ARE THEY INTERESTING TO PHYSICISTS? -- EXAMPLES OF PHASE TRANSITIONS AND CRITICAL POINTS -- HISTORY -- WHAT DOES ONE MEASURE? -- WHAT DETERMINES THE UNIVERSALITY CLASS? -- EXPERIMENTAL REALIZATIONS OF LOW-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS -- MULTICRITICAL POINTS -- SYSTEMS WITH ALMOST-BROKEN SYMMETRY -- Two-Dimensional Superfluid and XY Model
Melting of a Two-Dimensional CrystalSmectic A-to-Nematic Transition -- QUENCHED DISORDER -- PERCOLATION AND THE METAL-INSULATOR TRANSITION IN DISORDERED SYSTEMS -- NONEQUILIBRIUM SYSTEMS -- FIRST-ORDER TRANSITIONS -- OUTLOOK -- 4 Magnetism -- INTRODUCTION -- MAGNETIC INSULATORS -- Low-Dimensional Systems -- Critical Phenomena -- METALLIC MAGNETS -- Transition-Metal Ferromagnets -- Rare-Earth and Actinide Magnets -- DISORDERED SYSTEMS -- Introduction -- Disordered Ferromagnets, Antiferromagnets, and Paramagnets -- Spin Glasses
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Includes index.

Print version record.

Condensed-Matter Physics -- Copyright -- Preface -- Contents -- I Highlights, Opportunities, and Needs -- CONDENSED-MATTER PHYSICS AND ITS IMPORTANCE -- DISCOVERY -- Artificially Structured Materials -- The Quantized Hall Effect -- Effects of Reduced Dimensionality -- Charge-Density Waves -- Disorder -- Mixed Valence and Heavy Fermions -- The Superfluid Phases of 3He -- The Renormalization Group Methods -- Chaotic Phenomena in Time and Space -- Widespread Use of Synchrotron Radiation -- Atomic Resolution Experimental Probes

RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES IN CONDENSED-MATTER PHYSICS IN THE NEXT DECADENEEDS OF CONDENSED-MATTER PHYSICS IN THE NEXT DECADE -- Support for Individual Researchers -- MANPOWER -- INSTRUMENTATION -- COMPUTATION -- FUNDING -- Support for National Facilities -- NEUTRON FACILITIES -- SYNCHROTRON RADIATION SOURCES RECOMMENDATIONS -- HIGH-MAGNETIC-FIELD FACILITIES RECOMMENDATIONS -- ELECTRON-MICROSCOPE FACILITIES RECOMMENDATIONS -- GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS CONCERNING NATIONAL FACILITIES -- University-Industry-Government Relations

II A Decade of Condensed-Matter Physics1 Electronic Structure and Properties of Matter -- INTRODUCTION -- ADVANCES IN ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE DETERMINATIONS -- MANY-ELECTRON EFFECTS -- QUANTIZED HALL EFFECT -- ELECTRON-HOLE DROPLETS -- ELECTRONICALLY ORDERED STATES -- DISORDERED SYSTEMS -- MIXED MEDIA -- CONDENSED MATTER AT HIGH PRESSURE -- OPPORTUNITIES -- 2 Structures and Vibrational Properties of Solids -- INTRODUCTION -- THEORETICAL CALCULATIONS -- MEASUREMENTS OF STRUCTURES AND PHONON SPECTRA -- PHONON TRANSPORT -- ELECTRON-PHONON INTERACTIONS

DISORDERED SOLIDS AND INCOMMENSURATE PHASESPHASE TRANSITIONS AND NONLINEAR EXCITATIONS -- OPPORTUNITIES -- 3 Critical Phenomena and Phase Transitions -- INTRODUCTION -- WHAT ARE CRITICAL PHENOMENA, AND WHY ARE THEY INTERESTING TO PHYSICISTS? -- EXAMPLES OF PHASE TRANSITIONS AND CRITICAL POINTS -- HISTORY -- WHAT DOES ONE MEASURE? -- WHAT DETERMINES THE UNIVERSALITY CLASS? -- EXPERIMENTAL REALIZATIONS OF LOW-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS -- MULTICRITICAL POINTS -- SYSTEMS WITH ALMOST-BROKEN SYMMETRY -- Two-Dimensional Superfluid and XY Model

Melting of a Two-Dimensional CrystalSmectic A-to-Nematic Transition -- QUENCHED DISORDER -- PERCOLATION AND THE METAL-INSULATOR TRANSITION IN DISORDERED SYSTEMS -- NONEQUILIBRIUM SYSTEMS -- FIRST-ORDER TRANSITIONS -- OUTLOOK -- 4 Magnetism -- INTRODUCTION -- MAGNETIC INSULATORS -- Low-Dimensional Systems -- Critical Phenomena -- METALLIC MAGNETS -- Transition-Metal Ferromagnets -- Rare-Earth and Actinide Magnets -- DISORDERED SYSTEMS -- Introduction -- Disordered Ferromagnets, Antiferromagnets, and Paramagnets -- Spin Glasses

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