Chiral nuclear dynamics II : from quarks to nuclei to compact stars / Mannque Rho.Material type: TextPublication details: Singapore : World Scientific, ©2008. Description: 1 online resource (xix, 352 pages) : illustrationsContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9812814744; 9789812814746; 1281968153; 9781281968159Subject(s): Particles (Nuclear physics) -- Chirality | Quantum chromodynamics | TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING -- Power Resources -- Nuclear | Particles (Nuclear physics) -- Chirality | Quantum chromodynamicsGenre/Form: Electronic books. | Electronic books. DDC classification: 539.7548 22 LOC classification: QC793.3.C54 | R474c 2008ebOnline resources: Click here to access online
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Includes bibliographical references (pages 335-348) and index.
1. Introduction -- 2. Multi-facets of QCD in matter -- 3. Cheshire cat phenomenon. 3.1. Motivation. 3.2. Chiral bag picture. 3.3. Cheshire cat principle in nature. 3.4. CCP and multi-facets of CBM -- 4. Effective field theory for nuclei. 4.1. Role of effective field theory in nuclear physics. 4.2. Standard nuclear physics approach and EFT. 4.3. Chiral lagrangians. 4.4. Pionless EFT ([symbol]/EFT). 4.5. More effective EFT. 4.6. EFT "Completion" of SNPA. 4.7. EFT for heavy nuclei and nuclear matter -- 5. Hidden local symmetry for hadrons. 5.1. Emergence of local flavor symmetry. 5.2. Tower of hidden gauge fields. 5.3. AdS/QCD and hQCD. 5.4. HLS[symbol]from holographic dual QCD. 5.5. Hidden local symmetry and the "vector manifestation". 5.6. Phenomenology with HLS[symbol]. 5.7. HLS with [symbol] and a[symbol]: HLS[symbol] -- 6. Skyrmions. 6.1. Preliminary remarks. 6.2. Skyrmions in QCD. 6.3. Skyrmions and vector mesons. 6.4. Dense skyrmion matter and chiral transition. 6.5. Holographic skyrmion. 6.6. Neutron stars as giant skyrmions -- 7. Hidden local symmetry in hot/dense medium. 7.1. HLS in heat bath. 7.2. HLS in dense matter. 7.3. Hadronic freedom. 7.4. Applications -- 8. Hadrons in the sliding vacua of nuclear matter. 8.1. Brown-Rho scaling. 8.2. Chiral fermi liquid. 8.3. Observables in finite nuclei. 8.4. Dropping masses and nuclear matter -- 9. Strangeness In dense medium. 9.1. Kaon condensation from matter-free vacuum. 9.2. From the vector manifestation fixed point to kaon condensation. 9.3. Dense kaonic nuclei as strange nuggets: "KaoN" -- 10. Dense matter for compact stars. 10.1. Dense hadronic phase with and without exotica. 10.2. Skyrmion-half-skyrmion transition. 10.3. QCD at high density: Color Superconductivity (CSC). 10.4. CSC at non-asymptotic density -- 11. Compact stars. 11.1. Objective. 11.2. Star observables. 11.3. Chiral dynamics in the core of compact stars. 11.4. Maximum neutron star mass. 11.5. Formation of double neutron star binaries. 11.6. Neutron stars heavier than M[symbol]. 11.7. Outlook.
This is the sequel to the first volume to treat in one effective field theory framework the physics of strongly interacting matter under extreme conditions. This is vital for understanding the high temperature phenomena taking place in relativistic heavy ion collisions and in the early Universe, as well as the high-density matter predicted to be present in compact stars. The underlying thesis is that what governs hadronic properties in a heat bath and/or a dense medium is hidden local symmetry which emerges from chiral dynamics of light quark systems and from the duality between QCD in 4D and bulk gravity in 5D as in AdS/QCD. Special attention is paid to hot matter relevant for relativistic heavy ion processes and to dense matter relevant for compact stars that are either stable or on the verge of collapse into black holes.