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Soft matter physics.

By: Doi, M. (Masao), 1948-Material type: TextTextPublication details: Oxford : Oxford University Press USA, 2013. Description: 1 online resourceContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780191503504; 0191503509; 1299667554; 9781299667556Subject(s): Soft condensed matter | Order-disorder models | SCIENCE -- Physics -- Condensed Matter | Order-disorder models | Soft condensed matter | Zachte materialen | Microscopie | Gel (chemie) | Computermodellen | Langmuir-Blodgett films | Cellulaire automaten | Verstrooiing | Granulair materiaal | Hybride materialenGenre/Form: Electronic books. | Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Soft Matter Physics.DDC classification: 530.412 LOC classification: QC173.458.S62Online resources: Click here to access online
Contents:
Cover; Contents; 1 What is soft matter?; 1.1 Polymers; 1.2 Colloids; 1.3 Surfactants; 1.4 Liquid crystals; 1.5 What is common in soft matter?; 1.6 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; 2 Soft matter solutions; 2.1 Thermodynamics of solutions; 2.2 Phase separation; 2.3 Lattice model; 2.4 Polymer solutions; 2.5 Colloidal solutions; 2.6 Multi-component solutions; 2.7 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; 3 Elastic soft matter; 3.1 Elastic soft matter; 3.2 Elasticity of a polymer chain; 3.3 Kuhn's theory for rubber elasticity; 3.4 Polymer gels; 3.5 Summary of this chapter
Further readingExercises; 4 Surfaces and surfactants; 4.1 Surface tension; 4.2 Wetting; 4.3 Surfactants; 4.4 Inter-surface potential; 4.5 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; 5 Liquid crystals; 5.1 Nematic liquid crystals; 5.2 Mean field theory for the isotropic-nematic transition; 5.3 Landau-de Gennes theory; 5.4 Effect of a spatial gradient on the nematic order; 5.5 Onsager's theory for the isotropic-nematic transition of rod-like particles; 5.6 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; 6 Brownian motion and thermal fluctuations
6.1 Random motion of small particles6.2 Brownian motion of a free particle; 6.3 Brownian motion in a potential field; 6.4 Brownian motion of particles of general shape; 6.5 Fluctuation-dissipation theorem; 6.6 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; 7 Variational principle in soft matter dynamics; 7.1 Variational principle for the dynamics of particle-fluid systems; 7.2 Onsager principle; 7.3 Diffusion of particles in dilute solutions; 7.4 Diffusion of particles in concentrated solutions; 7.5 Rotational Brownian motion of rod-like particles; 7.6 Summary of this chapter
Further readingExercises; 8 Diffusion and permeation in soft matter; 8.1 Spatial correlation in soft matter solutions; 8.2 Diffusio-mechanical coupling in particle sedimentation; 8.3 Kinetics of phase separation; 8.4 Diffusio-mechanical coupling in gels; 8.5 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; 9 Flow and deformation of soft matter; 9.1 Mechanical properties of soft matter; 9.2 Molecular models; 9.3 Viscoelasticity of non-entangled polymers; 9.4 Viscoelasticity of entangled polymers; 9.5 Rod-like polymers; 9.6 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises
10 Ionic soft matter10.1 Dissociation equilibrium; 10.2 Ionic gels; 10.3 Ion distribution near interfaces; 10.4 Electrokinetic phenomena; 10.5 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; Appendix A: Continuum mechanics; A.1 Forces acting in a material; A.2 Stress tensor; A.3 Constitutive equations; A.4 Work done to the material; A.5 Ideal elastic material; A.6 Ideal viscous fluid; Appendix B: Restricted free energy; B.1 Systems under constraint; B.2 Properties of the restricted free energy; B.3 Method of constraining force; B.4 Example 1: Potential of mean force
Summary: Soft matter (polymers, colloids, surfactants and liquid crystals) are an important class of materials in modern technology. They also form the basis of many future technologies, for example in medical and environmental applications. Soft matter shows complex behaviour between fluids and solids, and used to be a synonym of complex materials. Due to the developments of the past two decades, soft condensed matter can now be discussed on the same sound physical basis as solid condensedmatter. The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of soft matter for undergraduate and graduate students.
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Soft matter (polymers, colloids, surfactants and liquid crystals) are an important class of materials in modern technology. They also form the basis of many future technologies, for example in medical and environmental applications. Soft matter shows complex behaviour between fluids and solids, and used to be a synonym of complex materials. Due to the developments of the past two decades, soft condensed matter can now be discussed on the same sound physical basis as solid condensedmatter. The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of soft matter for undergraduate and graduate students.

Print version record.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Cover; Contents; 1 What is soft matter?; 1.1 Polymers; 1.2 Colloids; 1.3 Surfactants; 1.4 Liquid crystals; 1.5 What is common in soft matter?; 1.6 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; 2 Soft matter solutions; 2.1 Thermodynamics of solutions; 2.2 Phase separation; 2.3 Lattice model; 2.4 Polymer solutions; 2.5 Colloidal solutions; 2.6 Multi-component solutions; 2.7 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; 3 Elastic soft matter; 3.1 Elastic soft matter; 3.2 Elasticity of a polymer chain; 3.3 Kuhn's theory for rubber elasticity; 3.4 Polymer gels; 3.5 Summary of this chapter

Further readingExercises; 4 Surfaces and surfactants; 4.1 Surface tension; 4.2 Wetting; 4.3 Surfactants; 4.4 Inter-surface potential; 4.5 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; 5 Liquid crystals; 5.1 Nematic liquid crystals; 5.2 Mean field theory for the isotropic-nematic transition; 5.3 Landau-de Gennes theory; 5.4 Effect of a spatial gradient on the nematic order; 5.5 Onsager's theory for the isotropic-nematic transition of rod-like particles; 5.6 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; 6 Brownian motion and thermal fluctuations

6.1 Random motion of small particles6.2 Brownian motion of a free particle; 6.3 Brownian motion in a potential field; 6.4 Brownian motion of particles of general shape; 6.5 Fluctuation-dissipation theorem; 6.6 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; 7 Variational principle in soft matter dynamics; 7.1 Variational principle for the dynamics of particle-fluid systems; 7.2 Onsager principle; 7.3 Diffusion of particles in dilute solutions; 7.4 Diffusion of particles in concentrated solutions; 7.5 Rotational Brownian motion of rod-like particles; 7.6 Summary of this chapter

Further readingExercises; 8 Diffusion and permeation in soft matter; 8.1 Spatial correlation in soft matter solutions; 8.2 Diffusio-mechanical coupling in particle sedimentation; 8.3 Kinetics of phase separation; 8.4 Diffusio-mechanical coupling in gels; 8.5 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; 9 Flow and deformation of soft matter; 9.1 Mechanical properties of soft matter; 9.2 Molecular models; 9.3 Viscoelasticity of non-entangled polymers; 9.4 Viscoelasticity of entangled polymers; 9.5 Rod-like polymers; 9.6 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises

10 Ionic soft matter10.1 Dissociation equilibrium; 10.2 Ionic gels; 10.3 Ion distribution near interfaces; 10.4 Electrokinetic phenomena; 10.5 Summary of this chapter; Further reading; Exercises; Appendix A: Continuum mechanics; A.1 Forces acting in a material; A.2 Stress tensor; A.3 Constitutive equations; A.4 Work done to the material; A.5 Ideal elastic material; A.6 Ideal viscous fluid; Appendix B: Restricted free energy; B.1 Systems under constraint; B.2 Properties of the restricted free energy; B.3 Method of constraining force; B.4 Example 1: Potential of mean force

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