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082 0 4 _a539.7
_222
049 _aMAIN
245 0 4 _aThe multifaceted skyrmion /
_ceditors, Gerald E. Brown, Mannque Rho.
260 _aHackensack, NJ :
_bWorld Scientific,
_c©2010.
300 _a1 online resource (xxi, 438 pages) :
_billustrations (some color)
336 _atext
_btxt
_2rdacontent
337 _acomputer
_bc
_2rdamedia
338 _aonline resource
_bcr
_2rdacarrier
504 _aIncludes bibliographical references and index.
505 0 _aSkyrmions and nuclei -- Electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon in chiral soliton models -- Exotic baryon resonances in the skyrme model -- Heavy-quark skyrmions -- Skyrmion approach to finite density and temperature -- Half-skyrmion hadronic matter at high density -- Superqualitons: baryons in dense QCD -- Rotational symmetry breaking in baby skyrme models -- Spin and isospin: exotic order in quantum hall ferromagnets -- Noncommutative skyrmions in quantum hall systems -- Skyrmions and merons in bilayer quantum hall system -- Spin and pseudospin textures in quantum hall systems -- Half-skyrmion theory for high-temperature superconductivity -- Deconfined quantum critical points -- Skyrmion and string theory -- Holographic baryons -- The cheshire cat principle from holography -- Baryon physics in a five-dimensional model of hadrons.
520 _aThis is a sequel to the World Scientific volume edited by Gerald E Brown in 1994 entitled "Selected Papers, with Commentary, of Tony Hilton Royle Skyrme". There has been a series of impressive developments in the application of the skyrmion structure to wide-ranging physical phenomena. The first volume was mainly focused on the rediscovery of the skyrmion in 1983 in the context of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and on its striking role in nuclear physics. Since 1994, skyrmions have been found to play an even greater role not only in various aspects of particle physics and astrophysics but also most remarkably in condensed matter physics. It is also proving to be fruitful in dense hadronic matter relevant to compact stars, a system difficult to access by other approaches. The recent discovery of holographic baryons in gravity/gauge duality which correspond to skyrmions in the infinite tower of vector mesons provides a valuable confrontation of string theory with nature, particularly in the regime of strong coupling that QCD proper has difficulty in accessing. This volume consists of contributions from the active researchers who have made important progress in these three areas of theoretical physics - condensed matter physics, nuclear and particle physics, and string theory.
588 0 _aPrint version record.
650 0 _aSkyrme model.
_9550813
650 0 _aCondensed matter.
_91130
650 0 _aNuclear physics.
_91293
650 0 _aString models.
_99606
650 7 _aSCIENCE
_xPhysics
_xNuclear.
_2bisacsh
_98731
650 7 _aSCIENCE
_xPhysics
_xAtomic & Molecular.
_2bisacsh
_98732
650 7 _aCondensed matter.
_2fast
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_91130
650 7 _aNuclear physics.
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650 7 _aSkyrme model.
_2fast
_0(OCoLC)fst01120290
_9550813
650 7 _aString models.
_2fast
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_99606
655 0 _aElectronic books.
_9396
655 4 _aElectronic books.
_9396
700 1 _aBrown, G. E.
_q(Gerald Edward),
_d1926-
_9437291
700 1 _aRho, Mannque.
_9550814
776 0 8 _iPrint version:
_tMultifaceted skyrmion.
_dHackensack, NJ : World Scientific, ©2010
_z9789814280693
_w(OCoLC)428025889
856 4 0 _uhttp://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&AN=340697
880 8 _6505-00/(S
_a8.1.1.2. Charge-two skyrmions -- 8.1.1.3. Charge-three and higher-charge skyrmions -- 8.2. The Lattice Structure of Baby Skyrmions -- 8.2.1. Baby skyrmions inside a parallelogram -- 8.2.2. Results -- 8.2.2.1. The pure O(3) case (κ = µ = 0) -- 8.2.2.2. The Skyrme case (κ = 0, µ = 0) -- 8.2.2.3. The general case (κ = 0, µ = 0) -- 8.2.3. Semi-analytical approach -- 8.2.4. Further remarks -- 8.3. Baby Skyrmions on the Two-Sphere -- 8.3.1. The baby Skyrme model on the two-sphere -- 8.3.2. Static solutions -- 8.3.3. Relation to the 3D Skyrme model -- 8.3.4. Results -- 8.3.5. Further remarks -- 8.4. Rotating Baby Skyrmions -- 8.4.1. SBRS from a dynamical point of view -- 8.4.2. SBRS in baby Skyrme models -- 8.4.3. The baby Skyrme model on the two-sphere -- 8.4.4. Results -- 8.4.4.1. Rotating charge-one solutions -- 8.4.4.2. Rotating charge-two solutions -- 8.4.5. The rational map ansatz -- 8.4.6. Further remarks -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Condensed Matter -- 9. Spin and Isospin: Exotic Order in Quantum Hall Ferromagnets S.M. Girvin -- Quantum Hall phenomena -- Quantum Hall ferromagnetism -- Skyrmions -- Isospin Ordering in Bilayer Systems -- Other examples of pseudospin order -- References -- 10. Noncommutative Skyrmions in Quantum Hall Systems Z.F. Ezawa and G. Tsitsishvili -- Contents -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.2. Microscopic Theory of Quantum Hall Systems -- 10.2.1. Cyclotron motion -- 10.2.2. Noncommutative geometry -- 10.2.3. Projected density operators -- 10.2.4. Complex projective field -- 10.3. Skyrmion Excitations -- 10.3.1. Topological charge and electric charge -- 10.3.2. Microscopic skyrmion states -- 10.3.3. Factorizable skyrmions -- 10.4. Coulomb Interactions -- 10.4.1. Projected Hamiltonians -- 10.4.2. Exchange interaction -- 10.4.3. Classical Hamiltonian -- 10.4.4. Spontaneous symmetry breaking.
880 0 _6505-00/(S
_aContents -- Preface -- Introduction -- Hadrons and Nuclear Matter -- 1. Skyrmions and Nuclei R.A. Battye, N.S. Manton and P.M. Sutcliffe -- Contents -- 1.1. Introduction -- 1.2. Skyrmions -- 1.3. The Rational Map Ansatz -- 1.4. Skyrmions and α-Particles -- 1.4.1. B = 4 -- 1.4.2. B = 8 -- 1.4.3. B = 10 -- 1.4.4. B = 12 -- 1.4.5. B = 16 -- 1.4.6. B = 32 -- 1.5. Quantization -- 1.5.1. B = 4 -- 1.5.2. B = 6 -- 1.5.3. B = 8 -- 1.5.4. B = 10 -- 1.5.5. B = 12 -- 1.6. Calibration and Energy Levels -- 1.7. Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 2. Electromagnetic Form Factors of the Nucleon in Chiral Soliton Models G. Holzwarth -- Contents -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2. Characteristic Feature of the Electric Proton Form Factor -- 2.3. Chiral π-ρ-ω. Meson Model -- 2.4. Boost to the Breit Frame -- 2.5. Results -- 2.6. Extension to Time-Like Q2 -- 2.7. Two-Photon Amplitudes in Soliton Models -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 3. Exotic Baryon Resonances in the Skyrme Model D. Diakonov and V. Petrov -- Contents -- 3.1. How to Understand the Skyrme Model -- 3.2. Rotational States of the SU(3) Skyrmion -- 3.3. Rotational Multiplets at Arbitrary Nc -- 3.4. Rotational Wave Functions -- 3.5. Kaons Scattering off the Skyrmion -- 3.6. Physics of the Narrow Θ+ Width -- 3.7. Getting a Narrow Θ+ in the Skyrme Model -- 3.7.1. Vanishing mΘ .mN, vanishing ΓΘ -- 3.7.2. Finite mΘ .mN, vanishing ΓΘ -- 3.8. Goldberger-Treiman Relation and the Θ+ Width -- 3.9. Finite-Nc Effects in the T+ Width -- 3.10. Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 4. Heavy-Quark Skyrmions N.N. Scoccola -- Contents -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Heavy Baryons as Skyrmions in the Heavy Quark Limit -- 4.2.1. Effective chiral lagrangians and heavy quark symmetry -- 4.2.2. Heavy-meson-soliton bound states in the heavy quark limit and their collective quantization.
880 8 _6505-00/(S
_a4.3. Beyond the Heavy Quark Limit -- 4.4. Relation with the Bound State Approach to Strangeness -- 4.5. Summary and Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 5. Skyrmion Approach to Finite Density and Temperature B.-Y. Park and V. Vento -- Contents -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Matter at Finite Density -- 5.2.1. Skyrmion matter -- 5.2.2. Pions in skyrmion matter -- 5.3. Implementing Scale Invariance -- 5.3.1. Dilaton dynamics -- 5.3.2. Dynamics of the single skyrmion -- 5.3.3. Dense skyrmion matter and chiral symmetry restoration -- 5.3.4. Pions in a dense medium with dilaton dynamics -- 5.4. Skyrmion Matter at Finite Temperature -- 5.5. Vector Mesons and Dense Matter -- 5.5.1. Dynamics of the single skyrmion -- 5.5.2. Skyrmion matter: an FCC skyrmion crystal -- 5.5.3. A resolution of the ω problem -- 5.6. Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 6. Half-Skyrmion Hadronic Matter at High Density H.K. Lee and M. Rho -- Contents -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Vector Mesons and Dilatons in Skyrmion Matter -- 6.2.1. Dilatons in hidden local symmetry -- 6.2.2. The 1/2-skyrmion matter -- 6.2.3. The effect of the meson -- 6.3. Vector Symmetry at High Density -- 6.3.1. Hadronic freedom -- 6.3.2. The fate of neutron stars -- 6.4. Transition from Nuclear Matter to CFL Phase -- 6.5. Further Remarks -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 7. Superqualitons: Baryons in Dense QCD D.K. Hong -- Contents -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Color Superconducting Quark Matter -- 7.3. Color-Flavor Locked Quark Matter -- 7.4. Superqualitons and Gapped Quarks -- 7.5. Bosonization of QCD at High Density -- 7.6. Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 8. Rotational Symmetry Breaking in Baby Skyrme Models M. Karliner and I. Hen -- Contents -- 8.1. Breaking of Rotational Symmetry in Baby Skyrme Models -- 8.1.1. Results -- 8.1.1.1. Charge-one skyrmions.
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